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Claymore
Time Period: 14th-18th century
Location: Scotland
Common Construction: Steel

The claymore is a two handed sword used by the Scottish. The name is derived from the Gaelic for "great sword". It was used primarily as an anti-cavalry weapon, in which a soldier would stand in front of a charging horse, and at the last moment cut out the horse's legs and step out of the way so as not to be trampled.

The stereotypical claymore has a guard angled towards the blade with a quatrefoil design, and weighed between 5 and 5.5 lbs. Although this is not the only design, it is the most recognizable.

There are 18th century references to a basket-hilted claymore that was wielded in one hand, but this is likely a synonym for the Scottish broadsword and not a unique weapon.

CE 14th Century, CE 15th Century, CE 16th Century, CE 17th Century, CE 18th Century, History, Scotland, Sword, Weapon


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