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Geldon
Time Period: 14th century
Location: Europe

The geldon is a Flemish spear used at the Battle of Golden Spurs in 1302. This battle was between a traditional French army consisting of both infantry and mounted knights against a "peasant" army of Flemish militia and townspeople. Unlike most peasant uprisings, the Flemish infantry were trained and well equipped. Even so, the French achieved some initial success with their conventional footmen. However, the nobles ordered the infantry to withdraw so that the knights could claim the victory. Due to the difficult terrain and well fortified Flemish position, the French cavalry suffered heavy losses and fled the battlefield. The battle is named after the golden spurs collected from the fallen French knights, which were hung in the local church.

Battles like these showed that an army of peasants and militia could defeat a group of professional soldiers and knights with the right weapons. Pikes and other polearms quickly gained favor and the battle signaled the beginning of formation based warfare that would rule the battlefield until the early 18th century.

CE 14th Century, France, History, Spear, Weapon


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