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Kopis
Time Period: 7th-4th century BC
Location: Greece
Common Construction: Bronze

The kopis is a forward curving blade sharpened on the concave edge and designed for chopping. Its lineage is not certain, it may have developed from the Egyptian khopesh.

Greek soldiers did not often use curved blades, hoplites typically fought with spears, and the xiphos when the situation called for it. Greek art actually shows the Persians using the kopis, even though Persian records indicate that they used the acinaces as their sidearm. The kopis or machaira may have been used by Greek cavalry.

Scholars differ on whether the kopis developed into the falcata or if they evolved separately. They were used during the same time period, but in different cultures. There is a distinct lack of historical evidence that makes either hypothesis plausible.

BCE 04th Century, BCE 05th Century, BCE 06th Century, BCE 07th Century, Greece, History, Sword, Weapon


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